The National Stock Exchange of India Limited NSE is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai. NSE was established in as the first demutualized electronic exchange in the country.
NSE was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered easy trading facility to the investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.
NSE was set up by a group of leading Indian financial institutions at the behest of the government of India to bring transparency to the Indian capital market. Based on the recommendations laid out by the government committee, NSE has been established with a diversified shareholding comprising domestic and global investors. The key domestic investors include Life Insurance Corporation of IndiaState Bank of IndiaIFCI Limited IDFC Limited and Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited. And the key global investors are Gagil FDI Limited, GS Strategic Investments Limited, SAIF II SE Investments Mauritius Limited, Aranda Investments Mauritius Pte Limited and PI Opportunities Fund I.
NSE offers trading, clearing and settlement services in equity, equity derivatives, debt and currency derivatives segments. It is the first exchange in India to introduce electronic trading facility thus connecting together the investor base of the entire country. NSE has VSATs and leased lines spread over more than cities across India. The exchange was incorporated in as a tax-paying company and was recognized as a stock exchange in under the Securities Contracts Regulation Act,when P.
Narasimha Rao was the Prime Minister of India and Manmohan Singh was the Finance Minister.
NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market WDM segment in June The capital market equities segment of the NSE commenced operations in Novemberwhile operations in the derivatives segment commenced in June Of these only 7, companies are listed of which only trade on the stock exchanges at BSE and NSE.
NSE was mainly set up to bring in transparency in the markets. Instead of trading membership being confined to a group of brokers, NSE ensured that anyone who was qualified, experienced and met minimum financial requirements was allowed to trade.
The price information which could earlier be accessed only by a handful of people could now be seen by a client in a remote location with the same ease. The paper-based settlement was replaced by electronic depository-based accounts and settlement of trades was always done on time.
One of the most critical changes was that a robust risk management system was set in place, so that settlement guarantees could protect investors against broker defaults.
NSE was also instrumental in creating the National Securities Depository Limited NSDL which allows investors to securely hold and transfer their shares and bonds electronically.
It also allows investors to hold and trade in as few as one share or bond. This not only made holding financial instruments convenient but more importantly, eliminated the need for paper certificates and greatly reduced the incidents of forged or fake certificates and fraudulent transactions that had plagued the Indian stock market. The NSDL's security, combined with the transparency, lower transaction prices and efficiency that NSE offered, greatly increased the attractiveness of the Indian stock market to domestic and international investors.
The National Stock Exchange of India Limited NSE commenced trading in derivatives with the launch of index futures on 12 June The futures and options segment of NSE has made a global mark.
In the Futures and Options segment, trading in NIFTY 50 Index, NIFTY IT index, NIFTY Bank Index, NIFTY Next 50 index and single stock futures are available. NSE is the first Indian exchange to launch global indices. On 3 Maythe National Stock exchange launched derivative contracts futures and options on FTSEthe widely tracked index of the UK equity stock market. This was the first of its kind of an index of the UK equity stock market launched in India. FTSE includes largest UK listed blue chip companies and has given returns of The index constitutes On 10 Januarythe National Stock Exchange signed a letter of intent with the Japan Exchange Group, Inc.
JPX on preparing for the launch of NIFTY 50 Index futures, a representative stock price index of India, on the Osaka Securities Exchange Co.
OSEa subsidiary of JPX. Moving forward, both parties will make preparations for the listing of yen-denominated NIFTY 50  Index futures by Marchthe integration date of the derivatives markets of OSE and Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. TSEa subsidiary of JPX. This is the first time that retail and institutional investors in Japan will be able to take a view on the Indian markets, in addition to current ETFs, in their own currency and in their own time zone. Investors will therefore not face any currency risk, because they will not have to invest in dollar denominated or rupee denominated contracts.
In Augustcurrency derivatives were introduced in India with the launch of Currency Futures in USD—INR by NSE. It also added currency futures in Euros, Pounds and Yen. In Decemberexchanges in India received approval from market regulator SEBI for launching interest rate futures IRFs on a single GOI bond or a basket of bonds that will be cash settled. Market participants have been in favour of the product being cash settled and being available on a single bond. NSE will launch the NSE Bond Futures on 21 January on highly liquid 7.
Interest Rate Futures were introduced for the first time in India by NSE on 31 Augustexactly one year after the launch of Currency Futures.
NSE became the first stock exchange to get an approval for interest-rate futures, as recommended by the SEBI-RBI committee. On 13 MayNSE launched India's first dedicated debt platform to provide a liquid and transparent trading platform for debt related products. The Debt segment provides an opportunity to retail investors to invest in corporate bonds on a liquid and transparent exchange platform. It also helps institutions who are holders of corporate bonds.
It is an ideal platform to buy and sell dave ramseys total money makeover optimum prices and help Corporates to get adequate demand, when they are issuing the bonds.
Trading on the equities segment takes place on all days of the week except Saturdays and Sundays and holidays declared by the Exchange in advance.
The market timings of the equities segment are:. Pre-open order matching starts immediately after close of pre-open order entry. It has an up time record of NSE has taken huge strides in technology in these 20 years. Inwhen trading started, NSE technology was handling 2 orders a second. This increased to 60 orders a second in Settlements have always been handled smoothly.
Buying shares? Understand settlement cycles first
NSE has also provided mock market simulation software called NSE Learn to trade NLT to develop investment, trading and portfolio management skills among the students. NSE also conducts online examination and awards certification, under its Certification in Financial Markets NCFM programmes.
The list of various modules can be found at the official site of NSE India. In addition, since Augustit offered a short-term course called NSE Certified Capital Market Professional NCCMP. NCCMP covers subjects like equity markets, debt markets, derivatives, macroeconomics, technical analysis and fundamental analysis.
Successful candidates are awarded joint certification from NSE over the counter market foreign exchange the concerned. On 8 JulySucheta Dalal wrote an article on Moneylife alleging that some NSE employees were leaking sensitive data related to high-frequency trading or co-location servers to a select set of market participants so that they could trade faster than their competitors.
NSE alleged defamation in the article by Moneylife. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
MCX Stock Exchange - Wikipedia
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